Verso il Nuovo Realismo

Giulio Vaccari

Abstract


The central feature of Ferraris’s New Realism concerns the subsistence of the objects, indipendent entities with a proper existance and a proper way of being, based on the certainty of perceptions that comes from the observations of Bozzi. This investigation is far from Heidegger’s Being and Time, because we formerly live in the understanding of being, and from Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, where the logical structure is common to thought and to reality. Wittgenstein’s On Certainty confirms that we distinguish between true and false against the world-picture that we learned not explicity as a child. Heisenberg reminds us that the question about reality lies within the human language and Korzybski affirms that we read unconsciously into the world the structure of the language we use. Considering that Naïve belief is based on concrete models in contrast with what people perceive -originated from an incorrect generalization of what they see-, after a brief focus on the notion of cognitive biases of Tversky and Kahneman, and on Kahneman’s Thinking, Fast and Slow, it has been considered that Ferraris’ thing-in-itself, not an object of thought, remains totally obscure because perception in not a simple registration of sensory stimuli, but a sophisticated cognitive process, so formerly an interpretation of the reality.

Keywords


Perceptions, World-picture, Reality, Certainty, New Realism

References


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