Argomenti metaforici: come integrare persuasione e argomentazione / Metaphor in Arguments: How to Integrate Persuasion and Argumetation

  • Francesca Ervas
  • Elisabetta Gola
  • Maria Grazia Rossi
Keywords: Metaphor, Argumentation, Persuasion, Reasoning, Quaternio terminorum


The persuasive power of metaphor is often seen in opposition to rational procedures in argumentation, which should guarantee deliberative democracy in the public sphere. Against this view, referable to the classic theory of argumentation, we adopt the argumentative theory of reasoning (MERCIER, SPERBER 2011) and present the results of an experimental study on the role of metaphors in a specific argumentative fallacy, the quaternio terminorum (ERVAS, LEDDA 2014; ERVAS, GOLA, LEDDA, SERGIOLI 2015). In light of the experimental evidence, we argue that (1) it is no longer possible to evaluate the role of metaphors in argumentation without distinguishing different kinds of metaphors (in the experimental study the distinction between dead and live metaphors is analysed); (2) it is possible to identify different argumentative styles (i.e. argumentative persuasion and reflective argumentation). Connecting different kinds of metaphors with different argumentative styles, we propose an interpretative framework able to integrate persuasion and argumentation.


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How to Cite
Ervas, F., Gola, E. and Rossi, M. G. (1) “Argomenti metaforici: come integrare persuasione e argomentazione / Metaphor in Arguments: How to Integrate Persuasion and Argumetation”, Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio, 00. Available at: (Accessed: 31March2023).